Why is there only one time zone in China, although the country occupies 5 time zones at once?

Time in the People’s Republic of China is not subject to world and scientific phenomena and is counted strictly according to administrative regulations. Despite the fact that the country is geographically located in 5 time zones, there is a single standard time throughout China.

Why did the Chinese authorities leave only one time zone UTC + 8 and how convenient is it for the population?

The Celestial Empire began to count time according to global standards in 1912. Then the Beijing astronomers divided the country into 5 time zones: UTC + 5: 30, +6, +7, +8, +8: 30.

So China lived comfortably until 1949, but then the communists came to power. The new government removed 4 «extra» time zones, leaving only one — Beijing time UTC + 8, which corresponds to the time in Irkutsk.

The disadvantage is that

Civil servants all over the country work at the same time, but in the west the working day ends in dense twilight, while in the east the sun is still shining. This is quite inconvenient for ordinary people, and also knocks down the internal biorhythms of a person.

From an ideological point of view, the united time marks the solidarity of the Chinese people and the unity of the communist spirit. No wonder the reform was carried out in 1949, when the People’s Republic of China was officially formed.

From a practical point of view,

This is beneficial for the administrative apparatus, since Beijing time allows you to contact the regions without worrying about when their working day ends.

True, the inhabitants of the Chinese West still unofficially use the local time — Urumqi time UTC + 6. Workers of non-governmental institutions live on it, which is strongly disliked by the official authorities.

Read also on the topic: