The Balkan Peninsula, located in southeastern Europe, has remained a turbulent region for many hundreds of years. Periods of peace are regularly replaced by confrontations and conflicts. It was here that many wars began, including the First World War.
Why the Balkans are recognized as the most explosive region in Europe
The Balkan Peninsula is a historical arena of confrontation between East and West. The region connects Europe and Asia, it is convenient to navigate and transport goods through it.
First, the Roman Empire fought for this region, then its heiress Byzantium. After that, the Ottoman Turks came to the Balkans. And since the 16th century, the Ottoman Empire, Poland, Austria and Russia competed for this region.
Due to constant wars, Greeks, Turks, South Slavs, Romanians and other peoples were mixed here. They spoke different languages, professed different religions and constantly squabbled among themselves.
By the end of the 19th century, the Balkan peoples threw off the yoke of Turkey, but instead of peaceful prosperity they began to fight each other for supremacy in the region and the reconstruction of internal borders. In 1914, it was here that the First World War began.
In the 20th century, the Soviet Union and the United States fought for the Balkans. But in the 90s, after the collapse of the socialist camp, the region again went into a new round of power struggles and separatist wars.
In total, in 1991-2008, 7 new independent states were formed on the territory of the peninsula. The process of incessant internecine conflicts in the region received the term «Balkanization»
Today the peninsula has once again become an arena of confrontation. Now 5 states compete for the region at once: the USA, the European Union, Russia, Turkey and China. Control of the Balkans means control of trade between West and East
The Balkan countries are the poorest states in Europe. There are few minerals, a weak level of production and scientific and technological development. Poverty provokes corruption, high crime rates and political instability.
Middle Eastern migrants are adding fuel to the fire, making a corridor from the Balkans through which drugs, weapons and radical Islamists go to Europe.
The headquarters of European crime today is the Republic of Kosovo, where 96% of the population is Muslim. They provide shelter to militants from Arab countries.
In addition, the Balkan peoples still have not figured it out among themselves. Many Serbs do not live in Serbia, but in neighboring countries, and therefore demand independence. Local authorities prevent this.
The Balkans is Africa within Europe. A region that cannot get out of the crisis on its own and expects someone to do it for them. Without a unifying force, there will always be conflicts and unrest here.