Gypsies are one of the few peoples who have not been assimilated by the locals, but adhere to their own orders and foundations. They still avoid formal employment, military service and taxes, live in gated communities, and combine illegal trade with begging.
Why did the Roma have such a culture and how do they manage to live outside the framework of modern society?
The history of the people is rather dark and dramatic. According to genetic and linguistic studies, the ancestors of the Gypsies are the inhabitants of North India.
In the 6th century A.D. indian padishah generous hand
In the 15th century, the Roma migrated further to the West. The period coincided with the socio-economic crisis in Europe, and therefore the refugee problem was dealt with rather harshly.
Gypsies were caught, branded and driven out of the country
In turn, this only exacerbated discrimination from the local population. Rumor began to attribute to nomads from the East witchcraft, cannibalism and racial inferiority.
Although in the 20th century many Roma were assimilated by the locals, still a significant part of the people does not participate in public and political life.
The nation is extremely reluctant to join society. The ethnogroup is closed, adheres to a traditional way of life, and closely follows ethnic identity.
Historically, being subjected to constant persecution, this helped the people to survive in an aggressive and unjust world. Mutual assistance and unity is all that has protected and continues to protect Roma from assimilation and extinction.
At the same time, this tears the people away from the economic base, gives rise to high poverty and illiteracy. Traditions literally close many areas of life for Roma. And if someone wants to break out of the community, he has to break all ties with his compatriots.
In addition, there are very few large public or political figures among the people who would defend and lobby the interests of their nation. The state ignores the traditions of the Roma, in return they ignore the interests of the state.
Few can boast that they worked at the company with the Roma. Nevertheless, professions are of great importance in the Roma society. Children should choose an activity according to centuries-old traditions.
The people recognize «their» and «other’s» professions. Gypsy works
Unwanted labor is factory work
Historically, Roma have taken part in Russian wars more than once. They stood alongside the Russian hussars during the invasion of Napoleon Bonaparte, shared the trenches with the Red Army during the Second World War and joined the ranks of the partisans.
Early marriages are still accepted in the Roma community. By the age of 18, a young man may already have a family and several children. In such cases, the state gives conscripts a reprieve. If the mother of the children does not have an official job, then the postponement turns into an exemption from service.