Why didn’t Japan attack the USSR together with Germany in 1941?


Japan’s attack on the Soviet Union is an event that was eagerly awaited not only by Nazi Germany, but also by its English-speaking allies. In 1941, the Red Army suffered heavy losses and retreated, but still remained a serious enemy.

It seemed that military assistance to Japan could solve all the problems of the Wehrmacht, as well as delay the entry into the war of the United States, but the Japanese did not dare to attack the USSR.

In fact, throughout the Great Patriotic War, fairly large forces of the Red Army remained concentrated in the Far East.

This is the Far Eastern Front

Moscow seriously considered the possibility of waging a war on 2 fronts

Fresh reinforcements were prepared for the active army, the Pacific Fleet and the Red Banner Amur Flotilla were put on alert.

Everything indicated that the Soviet troops were much better prepared for the Japanese attack than for the unexpected invasion of Nazi Germany.

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Thus, the Soviet Union was not defenseless in the Far East and, according to the experience of battles with the Japanese on Khalkin-Gol

Of course, the Japanese had a plan to invade the Far East. He was

The Japanese command called the policy towards the Soviet Union «The strategy of ripe persimmon». Its essence was the desire to declare war on the USSR when it was most weakened by the war with Germany, that is, it would ripen, like a persimmon ready to fall from a branch.

The declaration of war was scheduled for August 10, 1941 after the Wehrmacht forces captured Moscow. For this purpose, a large group of Japanese troops numbering more than 850 thousand people was concentrated in Manchuria and Korea.

However, due to the failures of the German army, Moscow remained unshakable, and the date of the Japanese attack was constantly postponed.

A collision of the Asian empire with the USSR would weaken its troops in the Pacific Ocean and lead to a more rapid defeat of the Japanese on all fronts. In turn, the finally exsanguinated Soviet Union would have been more accommodating in terms of the post-war arrangement of the world.

By the way, the war with the United States and England for the Japanese did not develop in the best way from the very beginning. At the same time, a multimillion-strong China waged an active guerrilla war. They did not need another global adversary at all.

The Japanese waited, but the persimmon still did not sing. Ultimately, the Soviet Far Eastern Front itself launched an offensive war in 1945.

In view of the US nuclear strikes on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the successes of the Red Army in this direction remained underestimated. However, it was her victories that finished off the Empire of Japan, leaving the Japanese unarmed against their allies on land.