The NATO military operation against Yugoslavia in 1999 is one of the most violent conflicts of our time. The United States deployed depleted uranium shells and cluster bombs, bombed both military and civilian targets, and deliberately destroyed sectors of the enemy’s economy.
What caused such cruelty of America towards the Balkan republic?
Foreign intervention by Western powers was the culmination of the Kosovo War — in fact, the separatist uprising of the Kosovar Albanians that erupted in February 1998.
The region of Kosovo and Metohija are historical Serbian territories. During the Second World War, the region was occupied by fascist Italy, and then transferred it to the allied Albania. At this time, the area was massively populated by Muslim Albanians.
After the Second World War, Socialist Yugoslavia arose in the Balkans, which included 6 republics, and Kosovo and Metohija were returned to Serbia.
In the second half of the 20th century, the number of Muslims in Kosovo, due to migration from Albania and high birth rates, began to exceed the number of Serbs. The economy in the region did not develop, but the arms trade and drug market, associated with supplies from the Middle East, flourished.
Neither Albanians nor Yugoslavs liked this situation. Interethnic strife arose. Ultimately, the Kosovar Albanians, due to their numerical superiority, announced that they wanted to secede from Yugoslavia into an independent republic and expel all Serbs, Montenegrins and Roma from their historical territory.
The war began. At the same time, the terrorist Albanian organization KLA began the liberation struggle, which, according to
Full-scale terror and ethnic cleansing began both on the part of the Kosovar Albanians and on the part of the Yugoslav army and police.
The government troops, in view of the better equipment, of course, won. In January 1999, the Yugoslav police
It is still not known for certain whether those killed by the military. However, the EU Commission announced that these were civilians. In March, the United States, in an ultimatum, demanded that Yugoslavia surrender the disputed land to the Albanians and stop the bloodshed.
Local president Slobodan Milosevic refused. The United States took the lead in NATO forces and launched a military operation. It is noteworthy that the UN did not authorize the use of force, and therefore the intervention was officially illegal.
NATO deployed 1,230 fighter-bombers, missile boats and submarines. In addition, up to 50 thousand ground forces were concentrated on the border.
March — June 1999 allies
Ultimately, Yugoslavia fell, Kosovo gained independence and drove out almost all of the non-Albanian population. However, the sovereignty of the region was recognized only by the United States and its allies, and by no means all.
In geopolitical terms, up to 1999, Yugoslavia was an independent state, gravitating towards an alliance with Russia — the last among the rest of the Balkan countries.
By the way, even before the intervention in April 1999, Yugoslavia
Today, NATO military bases are located on the territory of Serbia, Montenegro and Kosovo, and the countries are determined to join the EU. Nevertheless, the people remember the cruelty of the Americans and still do not understand the cruelty of the events that took place.