The transfer of Crimea to Ukrainians in 1954 is one of the most controversial decisions of the head of the USSR, Nikita Khrushchev. On the one hand, at that time Ukraine was part of a large country and no one even considered its independence. On the other hand, the Ukrainians did not need Crimea at all and no one asked Moscow for territorial gifts.
What prompted the leadership of the USSR to donate the peninsula to the union republic?
In fact, there is no exact answer to this question, which is why it generates so much discussion. Officially, the Soviet authorities explained the need for the transfer of the Crimean region to the general economy, geographical proximity and cultural ties of the regions.
There is another, more plausible version: a banal power struggle.
Vladimir Putin said that the decree was personally prepared by Nikita Khrushchev. With the help of Crimea
The opinion of modern Ukrainian historians is interesting: they believe that in this way the leadership of the USSR made amends for the massive repressions in Ukraine in the 1930s. Why other union republics did not receive «gifts», historians cannot give an answer.
Formally, the decree on the transfer of Crimea was not legal. The Presidium of the Central Committee of the CPSU did not have the authority to change the borders of the republic. The supreme body of state power was the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, which approved the decree after the fact.
In addition, a number of researchers
Be that as it may, the problem of returning Crimea to Russia arose immediately after the collapse of the USSR. Russian troops were based in the peninsula, which could occupy it at any moment.
However, the domestic authorities several times asserted that they did not want to return Crimea: first in 1997, after the signing of an agreement on friendship and cooperation between Russia and Ukraine, and then in 2003.