Why did Bulgaria fight against Russia in both world wars, although for us it is a fraternal country?


Bulgaria is an Orthodox Slavic country that gained independence from Turkey in 1878 thanks to military assistance from the Russian Empire. Russian administration

It is safe to say that without the patronage of Russia, the South Slavic people would have remained a part of the modern Turkish state.

To understand the reasons for this blatant betrayal, one should plunge into the political situation prevailing at the beginning of the 20th century. The Balkans is a region that since ancient times was included in the spheres of interests of the three great powers — the Ottoman, Austrian and Russian empires.

Russia’s interest in this dispute was well-founded. The state was united with the Balkans by a common Slavic origin and religion. This made it possible to see allies in Bulgaria, Serbia and Montenegro, which significantly strengthened the position of the Russians in the world.

In 1876, with the beginning of the Bulgarian uprising against Turkey, Russia got the opportunity to realize its geopolitical plans. Russian army

Subsequent events developed even more rapidly. Under the leadership of Russian diplomacy, the Balkan countries formed an alliance, provoked a war with the Turks and won almost all of their European possessions from them.

But it so happened that in this war the Bulgarians took most of the «Turkish pie» for themselves, which caused discontent among the allies. In response, Serbia, Greece and Montenegro in 1913

As a result, the «offended» countries managed to take away from the Bulgarians all their acquisitions received during the First Balkan War. Of course, now Bulgaria harbored a mortal grudge, she dreamed of taking revenge from the Balkan countries.

In 1914, the First World War began. Germany, the leading power at that time, demanded from Great Britain, France and Russia a redivision of the world and a place for its capital.

Bulgaria, seeing an opportunity to take revenge on its neighbors, enlisted the support of the Central Bloc and struck Serbia, Greece and Romania. Thus, the Bulgarians found themselves on the side of the front from the Russian Empire.

And although in fact the South Slavic people considered Russia their patroness and did not want to fight with her, they had to do it because of the conflict with other Balkan countries.

The Bulgarians faced Russian troops in Romania. However, they fought reluctantly. It was on the Thessaloniki front that there were

By 1918, the Bulgarians realized with horror that they had placed their bets on the wrong great power. They lost and ceded part of the territories to their enemies — Serbs, Greeks and Romanians. As a result, no one was satisfied with the results of the peace and the number of “offended” countries grew even more.

On March 1, 1941, in an attempt to take revenge on the hated Greeks and Yugoslavs, Bulgaria again

By 1944, the USSR was the first to declare war on Bulgaria, but the countries did not have time to make war with each other. The people organized a communist coup and the new government declared war on Germany. As a result, the country did not even suffer losses after the end of the war.

Until now, the two countries have difficult relations. For us, Bulgaria is a country with a good resort and a “fraternal republic”. For them, the Russians are patrons from the Turks, but they support the opponents of the Serbs.