Why are there cold winters in Russia, but hot summers at the same time?


In almost all Russian cities, winter lasts more than 4 months, and there are often severe cold weather. But at the same time, we have hot and dry summers, which does not at all match the image of the coldest country in the world.

Germany, Great Britain and other European countries are distinguished by light snowy winters and cool summers. At the same time, Western Europe is located at the same latitude as many regions of Russia.

It’s all about the region’s close proximity to the Atlantic Ocean. Water bodies release moisture into the atmosphere, and winds carry it along with the heated air to land. Warm, moisture-laden air warms the continent in winter and cools it in summer.

The specific reason for the mild climate in Europe is the Gulf Stream. Rather, its eastern branch is the North Atlantic Current, the “stove of Europe”. It runs from the equator along the coast of North America, and then turns east towards Europe.

It is the Gulf Stream that prevents Europeans from freezing in winter and gives Iceland a temperate climate, although in theory the island is part of the subarctic climate zone and winters there should be colder than ours.

Our country is located in several climatic zones, the weather in which varies greatly. But in general we have a continental climate.

In winter, moisture-depleted air masses are cooled and cause piercing winds and cold weather. In summer, on the contrary, the air masses reach the region, already warmed up. The farther from the seas and oceans, the more severe the weather.

In addition, the continental climate causes a high temperature range. During the day indicators