2020 is considered the worst year since World War II. However, it cannot be compared with the time when humanity experienced global cataclysms. For example, in 1349, an outbreak of the bubonic plague killed up to 60 million people — a quarter of the world’s population.
But the most terrible historical period is considered to be 536. Then humanity was on the verge of extinction.
536 is the time when
The phenomenon triggered a 2.5 ° C drop in summer temperatures, increased rainfall and poor harvests. The hardest hit was China, where it snowed in the summer. The harvest died, and with it 80% of the population of the northern part of the Celestial Empire.
The inhabitants of the Middle East and India were starving, Africans were engaged in cannibalism, the inhabitants of Europe and Asian nomads were freezing from the onset of cold weather. A wave of wars and migrations swept across the planet, aimed at finding resources and food.
The famine also provoked an outbreak of the Justinian plague, which decimated half of the Byzantine population and spread throughout the world. A combination of negative factors plunged the world into a period of stagnation that lasted for at least 100 years.
Sulfur, bismuth, chlorides of metals, iron and other elements of volcanic activity formed a dense layer of suspended particles in the atmosphere, which blocked the sunlight and reflected some of its rays back into space.
The eruption of a volcano in the distant year 536 is confirmed by geologists who
In addition, the researchers compared the estimated period of sharp cooling with the tree rings and also found a match here. Perennial plants recorded climate changes in the same year 536.
The time when mankind finally coped with the consequences of a natural disaster was also prompted by ice. The permafrost layer, formed in 640, showed an increased lead content.
Silver was smelted from lead ore in the Middle Ages. The demand for the precious metal may indicate the growth of market relations and the recovery of the world economy from the crisis.
Definitely 536 was a difficult year for the entire planet. Although if such an eruption happened today, the world would expect an even greater cataclysm.