Pirates of Somalia are the most famous sea robbers of our time. In the 2000s, their raids were discussed by all the world’s media. The damage to maritime trade was in the billions. However, in 2013, pirates suddenly disappeared from news feeds.
The fate of Somalia is familiar to most African countries of the 20th century. The state was once an Anglo-Italian colony, in 1960
The country’s new leader, General Mohammed Barre, acted wisely: he announced the construction of socialism and stood under the wing of the USSR. Soviet specialists modernized the country. Agriculture, industry were established, roads, schools, hospitals were rebuilt. The once impoverished country was transformed and received hope for a happy future.
However, by 1977, Mohammed became arrogant, declared war on Ethiopia, friendly to the USSR, and lost Soviet support. The regime itself could not survive. The Civil War broke out, and by 1991, Somalia had fallen apart into several parts. The country was plunged into chaos.
The situation was taken advantage of by the European powers, which seized local resources and all mining operations. Foreign ships began predatory fishing and dumping toxic waste into Somalia while war raged in the country.
As a result, the fish left the water area, and the Africans lost their last source of food. The drug trade, the slave trade and piracy were the only occupations that prevented the population from starving to death.
For the people of Somalia, the rampant piracy was reflected beneficially. Coastal cities flourished and grew rich. A prototype of a financial exchange appeared, where ordinary people could invest in filibuster teams, and then receive a percentage of their proceeds.
The first Somali millionaires took place. For example, Hasan Abdi, who started out as an ordinary raider and
The attack strategy was monotonous. The robbers sailed on boats to the foreign ship, opened warning fire and forced the captain to surrender.
The bandits received income for the ransom of hostages. While trading campaigns raised money, the slaves lived on the shore, ate local food, drove moonshine and immersed themselves in the local flavor.
The pirates were not impudent and did not rob the goods. This raised the price of the product, which the outbid was gladdened. Together with them, insurance companies and security companies grew richer. The Somalis, albeit to the detriment of others, have emerged from poverty. However, the fate of people was again decided by big politics.
Somali piracy since 2004
Pirates, where drug trafficking and drunkenness flourished, did not fit into the doctrine, but the robbers paid 5% of their income and won protection. The Islamists allowed filibusters to use controlled ports and supplied them with weapons.
By 2011, the organization united most of the country. The Europeans were worried: they were losing control over the extraction of local resources. As a result, Somali government forces, with the support of the Kenyan army and US aviation, recaptured all the cities from al-Shabab in 2012.
The pirates were left without a «roof» and at that moment the family of Arab sheikhs Al Nahyan from the UAE became more active. Their fortune was based on the production and sale of oil, tankers from which pirates periodically seized.
While al-Shabab was strong, the Arabs were afraid to oppose the pirates, the radical co-religionists would not have understood. Now the sheikhs have hired the American private company Blackwater Academy.
In less than a year, the mercenaries of all the corsairs
Since then, there have been practically no pirates in the region. Since 2012, there has been only one seizure of an oil tanker. Now the Somalis are starving and fighting each other again. However, the ocean has become calm, the countries are once again trading without losses.