The Amber Office is the Eighth Wonder of the World, a masterpiece of art that personified all the wealth and power of the Romanov family. The room was made entirely of amber, its cost
It so happened that during the Great Patriotic War the Germans managed to bring the room to Germany. There, her trace was lost and became the subject of many years of searches for authorities and scientists. What is known about the Amber Room today?
The cabinet, consisting of amber panels, decorative inserts and panels, was originally made for the Prussian king Frederick I. The construction was carried out by a whole group of experienced craftsmen of Western Europe.
The gem was broken, mixed with cognac, honey and oil, and then glued to the tree. The technology was expensive, time consuming and took 10 years of work. However, the amber headgear was gradually destroyed by changes in temperature, humidity and drafts. The room required regular maintenance and was periodically refurbished.
In Russia, the masterpiece turned out to be a diplomatic gift to Peter I. Prussia was at war with Sweden and needed a reliable ally. The room became a guarantee of friendship with the Russians against the Swedes.
It is worth noting that amber at the beginning of the 18th century was 10 times more expensive than gold.
In 1941, the German army captured the suburbs of Leningrad, including the city of Pushkin with the Catherine Palace. Due to the hasty evacuation, Soviet workers did not take out the Amber Room.
The Germans, wanting to restore «historical justice», carefully dismantled the cabinet and sent it back to Königsberg, where it was originally going to. In 1945, the city was captured by Soviet troops, but in the fog of hostilities, the room disappeared without a trace.
There are dozens of versions of where it disappeared. From time to time, researchers talked about clues to the location of the room, but each time the statements turned out to be false. This let the mystery around the masterpiece, and the publicists began to hint that the room was stolen by influential people and now it is in someone’s private collection.
Of the many scientific and marginal theories, scientists single out the 2 most logical versions, which boil down to one conclusion: The Amber Room is in a private collection.
It was nominated by the German art critic Alfred Rode, and later
It is assumed that the Germans tried to evacuate the panels and mosaics, but as a result of the assault on
Another Soviet scientist A.G. Mosyakin
By mistake, the masterpiece was recorded as the «German Amber Room» and placed with other seized works of art. In 1950, they were transferred to the United States to pay off the Lend-Lease debt.
The fact that among the transferred values there was the Amber Room, the Soviet authorities realized too late. No noise was raised due to an error and the information was classified.
Be that as it may, given the past tense and countless attempts by scientists, the Amber Room is unlikely to ever be found.