After the collapse of the USSR, many republics took with them a huge amount of primordially Russian lands. At the same time, the President of Russia and the government are increasingly talking about the return of the once lost territories.
After the annexation of Crimea, such a scenario may well come true, especially since the authorities are trying by any means to raise their rating.
In addition to Crimea, annexed to Russia in 2014, eastern lands remain in Ukraine. They are inhabited by a Russian-speaking population and were incorporated into the former Soviet republic in the 1920s. Today it is Donetsk, Lugansk, Dnepropetrovsk and other regions.
Today in the east of Ukraine there are 2 unrecognized states: Donetsk and Lugansk people’s republics. Russia issues their passports to their residents, supplies food and weapons, and, if necessary, can easily hold a referendum and include 2 new regions in its composition.
After the conclusion of the Riga Peace Treaty, which ended the Soviet-Polish war in 1921, the territory of Belarus
This was done, of course, without the consent of the inhabitants. With such a step, the Soviet leadership intended to support the union republic and make it a powerful outpost for confronting the eternal rival Poland.
Nobody even thought that someday these regions would be irretrievably lost. After the collapse of the USSR, Russia and Belarus followed the scenario of unification and even created a single Union State with a common economic space.
However, the matter did not go further. The Belarusian government wanted equality in relations, while the Russian government proposed joining the federation on the basis of 6 separate regions.
Also, the union is constantly being dragged out by the Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko, not wanting to lose the post of the head of the country and power.
Until 1936, Kazakhstan did not have the status of a union republic and
When, according to the results of the new Constitution, Kazakhstan was withdrawn from the RSFSR, a part of the original Bashkir lands was transferred to the young state. Until now, a large number of Russians live in the north of Kazakhstan, who are closely connected with their former homeland.
Similarly, in the early 1920s, Estonia and Latvia included
The largest Russian-speaking minority still lives in the Baltic countries — 25% of the country’s inhabitants. Half of them are stateless and foreigners.
They are the majority in many of the Baltic regions and want to maintain good relations and cooperation with Russia, unlike local governments.
In theory, the Russian Constitution allows these lands to be included in the country. However, this requires the approval of the foreign power that owns these regions.
Of course, no state will give them away. Statements by Russian politicians about Russian lands in the former republics evoke a sharply negative reaction. Neither Ukraine, nor Belarus, nor anyone else is going to give «Soviet gifts».