Step over 300: why do turtles live so long?

Turtles are famous centenarians in the animal kingdom. With an average age of 100-200 years, some individuals even step over this bar and

Small animal species have a high metabolic rate. This leads to the rapid accumulation of acids and cellular damage, which accelerates the aging process.

In turn, huge animals almost always have a slow metabolism. This is the only way they are able to maintain their lifestyle, without the need to get food 24 hours a day. Thus, a mouse, with all its desire, will not live more than 3 years, and an elephant will live to 70.

The same works for turtles: small «domestic» representatives are quite nimble, and on average live 15-30 years. In the same time

Warm-blooded creatures, even in a state of rest, burn energy to maintain a constant temperature. In winter, when it gets colder, the animal is forced to spend even more energy.

Cold-blooded people are deprived of these worries. Their body temperature does not differ from the ambient temperature. Therefore, their metabolic rate is as lucky.

If the snake warms up in the sun, then it will be more active. If there is no sun, then the creature will have to slow down. In winter, many snakes generally hibernate, their metabolism practically stops.

Turtles are also cold-blooded

It may seem that such a long lifespan is a boon for the animal. However, in fact, for large turtles, time flies several times faster than for humans, and therefore they “live” the same amount.

The bottom line is that the turtle’s brain processes the incoming image more slowly. Turtle

If an insect and a turtle look at the hand of a clock, then for a fly its movement will be like in slow motion, and for a turtle — like a propeller.