Slavery, despite its cruelty, played a significant role in the development of civilization. Slaves were the backbone of agriculture and construction. However, with age, they became weaker, began to get sick and could not work as before. The sick slave could not be sold; he became useless to his master.
The fate of the aged slaves in Rome can be judged from the notes of the ancient Roman politician Mark Cato the Elder, who lived in the 2nd century BC. The writer compared slaves to livestock and
If the slave began to get sick and lost his ability to work, then
From 293 BC by decision of the Senate, the island
In the year 50, under the Emperor Claudius, the slave left by the owner on the island was automatically recognized as a free man. However, he was no longer allowed to return. Due to the lack of any farms and food, people here slowly died of hunger.
Unfortunately, there were almost no alternatives for slaves in Rome. By law, the master could not simply grant freedom to the old slave. The man had nowhere to go and he died in the city, in which case the guards found the former owner by the stigma on the corpse and wrote him a fine.
Because of this, they disposed of «unnecessary property» in their own way, quietly and without attracting attention. Here the fate of a person entirely depended on the humanity and imagination of the owner.
Slavery in Islamic countries, primarily in the Ottoman Empire, was much smaller than in the medieval Western powers.
Few people know, but serfdom did not exist in the Arab countries either. Slaves in the East did not work in production, but in the service sector: they served in houses and coffee houses, traded, served in the navy and army, and also worked in the administration. Most of all among the Turkish slaves were women — concubines and all kinds of courtesans.
It all depended on what religion they professed. Muslim women did not work in brothels, but served a certain male owner. Such a concubine was recognized as a family member and was provided with food and shelter until her death.
A different fate awaited the non-religious slaves. Women who had lost their beauty were simply driven out into the street, where they were engaged in begging. In turn, men worked for the master all their lives and died right at the workplace.
Officially, the problem of sick and old slaves in the United States is in no way
The disabled workers were put on their feet
His family had to feed and take care of the old man, and if there was none, then his comrades-in-arms. Of course, he was not entitled to any pension or special treatment. The slave simply lived out his days without leaving the hut.
Today all over the world slavery has been abolished, the world is moving towards social justice and equal treatment of all people. Although this is happening rather slowly, and in some places it stopped altogether.