The colonization of America by European countries is a long and cruel process. British colonists in the north of the continent fought with indigenous peoples for hundreds of years, often exterminating them. After gaining independence, the United States continued the war against the Indians and stopped only in the 20th century.
Fate has treated the Native Americans badly.
«We will die, but we will be remembered forever, looking at the footprints left by the brave» (Dakota tribe)
The attitude of American colonists towards Indians was characterized by the Doctrine of Discovery,
In 1830, the law was supplemented by a «relocation decree».
Most of the settlers believed that the aborigines were savages and their lives were of no value. Local authorities encouraged their murder. For example, the city of Shasta City paid $ 5 per head in 1855, Tehama County — 25 cents per scalp. The money for the payment came from a special city fund, created by the residents themselves.
The sale of smallpox-infected blankets and towels to the Indians, as well as the deliberate extermination of bison, the basis of food for the inhabitants of the plains, made a lot of noise.
All these measures, as expected, led to mass uprisings. They were suppressed with exceptional cruelty. In 1864, 700 cavalrymen
It ended with the fact that the survivors were herded into the reservations. Until the beginning of the 20th century, US policy was based on the complete destruction of the indigenous population.
«If you have nothing to thank God for, you are to blame, not He» (Minkwass tribe)
Changes in Aboriginal life began in 1924, when the US Congress gave American citizenship to all Indians. In 1934, a «reorganization law» was issued — the abolition of the policy of assimilation of the indigenous population.
The first Native American movements for the rights and recognition of the crimes committed by the colonists began to appear. The natives began to slowly fit into the life and culture of the state.
The reservation is a sovereign Indian territory ruled by a tribal government. It has its own legislature, courts, police and full autonomy in internal affairs. In terms of status, the reservation is on the same level as the state.
Residents of reservations are exempt from income tax, property tax and any indirect payments, even casino tax! All Indians have numerous benefits that give advantages in finding work, education, housing and a number of social benefits.
“Don’t Let Yesterday Spoil Today” (Cherokee Tribe)
In 2009, the U.S. Congress officially
In 2009, 300 thousand Indians
Be that as it may, today Indians live like other Americans. Time has erased all grievances, but the Aborigines do not miss the opportunity to make the most of their difficult history. The US government encourages and satisfies these aspirations.