Starting from the IV millennium BC, the history of the planet consisted of tens of thousands of different states. They formed unique civilizations, turned into great empires, or perished under the onslaught of neighboring peoples.
The overwhelming majority of modern states were formed only in the last 100-200 years. However, there are peoples on the planet who have carried their statehood and culture through the centuries.
The state formed between 2700-2600 BC.
Ethnic Chinese (Han people) are indigenous to the Yellow River Valley. They also
The Asian civilization was formed independently of the European one and until the 18th century was at a higher level of development. Today, China is returning to the role of the main state in the world, quickly catching up with the developed European countries.
Due to the proximity to the powerful Chinese Empire, Japan and nomads, the history of the peninsula turned out to be quite rich and dramatic.
From time to time, Koreans lost their independence, but were able to preserve their unique culture and have lived independently since 1945. South and North Koreans have remained mono-ethnic, speak the same language and trace their history back to ancient Joseon.
Ayrarat kingdom, contemporary of Ancient Iran, one of the earliest states of the Caucasus. During its heyday in the 1st century A.D. Armenia turned into an empire, stretching from the shores of the Caspian Sea to Egypt.
Armenia became the first Christian state in history, surpassing even the Roman Empire! For 2 thousand years, the country has experienced several genocides, but was able to preserve religion and self-identity.
The Medes kingdom, the Persian empire, the Parthian kingdom, the Sassanid and Seleucid empires — all this is Ancient Iran. Iranian history itself
During its heyday, the Persian civilization controlled the entire Middle and Near East, half of the Balkan Peninsula and Crimea. Important trade routes passed through the territory of Iran, so the state flourished for hundreds of years.
Hellas is the cradle of European civilization, formed at the turn of the III-II millennium BC. By the 5th century BC. the Greeks established policies along the entire Mediterranean coast.
And although a single state of this people was founded only by Alexander the Great in the 4th century BC, the Greeks laid the foundations of modern culture, science and art in Europe and America.
Even after losing independence and joining the Ottoman Empire, the Greeks did not lose their identity and managed to preserve their language, culture, religion and traditions.
Contrary to popular belief, there were highly developed civilizations in Africa. Ethiopian state
The same cannot be said about Egypt, whose history rests on the 4th millennium BC. The Egyptians were completely assimilated by the Arabs, lost their culture and faith and no longer have anything in common with the ancient people.
True, the Indians themselves do not agree with this interpretation. In local textbooks
The Harappas built the first cities and learned how to melt bronze, but due to climatic changes, the civilization fell into decay and could not repel the invasion of the Aryans.