7 largest national minorities living in Russia


In Russia, besides Russians, there are 192 more peoples. Many of them are concentrated in certain regions and, in addition to the Russian language, speak their own language and support ancient traditions.

Tatars are a Turkic-speaking people, formed in the XIII century by mixing Bulgars, Polovtsians, Berendeys, Oguzes, Khazars and other nomadic peoples under the pressure of the Mongols.

According to

Moreover, these statistics do not take into account the Crimean Tatars who became Russians in 2014. This is another 232 thousand people.

The fourth largest nation, with 1.6 million people or 1.11%. They are almost indistinguishable from the Tatars due to one religion — Islam, the proximity of borders, as well as a similar culture and language.

Nevertheless, the Bashkirs as an ethnos developed much earlier and are mentioned in sources since the 9th century. The size of the people allowed him to preserve his identity before the Mongol yoke and not dissolve among the Mongol-Tatars.

Another Turkic people numbering 1.4 million people — 1.01% of the population. According to the widespread scientific version, these are the descendants of the Huns who once controlled the North Caucasus.

In the 8th century they migrated to the Middle Volga region and assimilated with the Bulgars and Finno-Ugrians. In racial terms, it is a mixed Caucasian and Mongoloid type.

1.4 million people or exactly 1% of the population. The largest people in the North Caucasus and the sixth largest in Russia. The nation was formed at the turn of the XII-XIII centuries from various Caucasian tribes.

One of the oldest peoples on the planet,

One of the Dagestan peoples, formed from the local mountaineers in the Early Middle Ages after the conquest of the North Caucasus by the Avars nomads. Some researchers see the Avars as descendants of the Avars. 912 thousand representatives of the nation or 0.64% live in Russia.

In connection with the events of 2014, many Ukrainians left Russia and either returned to their historical homeland, or dispersed around the world.

Nevertheless, 2 million Ukrainians still live in our country with a Russian passport — 1.35% of the country’s population. They are settled throughout the state, a significant part lives in the Crimea, Siberia, Moscow and other large cities.

In addition to immigrants from Ukraine, there are also many Belarusians, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, Uzbeks and other peoples living in the territory of the former USSR in Russia. They are scattered throughout the country and are widely represented in all structures of modern Russian society.

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