From the end of the 15th century, when the united Russian kingdom was formed, and up to the present, Russia has conducted 138 armed conflicts.
Throughout the history of the neighborhood of the two powers, between Russia and Turkey
On the one hand, the Tatars, who were now considered Turkish subjects, organized regular predatory raids on the Russian state. On the other hand, the Don and Zaporozhye Cossacks, subjects of the Moscow Tsar, carried out retaliatory attacks.
Years of diplomatic scandals
With the strengthening of Moscow, the boundaries of Russia’s interests gradually expanded. Starting from the 16th century, wars unfolded for control over the Black Sea region, the Caucasus, the Balkan Peninsula, and by 1914 the Russian Empire was already considering conquering Istanbul itself.
Of the 12 conflicts, 7 wars ended in victory for Russia, Moscow lost 3 campaigns and two ended in a draw. During the clashes, Turkey lost all its positions in Eastern Europe and ceded the hegemony to the Russian Empire.
Sweden — in the late Middle Ages, the strongest state in Northern Europe and one of the great maritime powers of the planet. Was Russia’s main rival for dominance in the Baltic Sea.
From 1495 to 1809 between countries
As a result, Sweden lost its status as a great power. Russia, on the contrary, has come to be seen as a new player in European politics. In 1721, after the defeat of Sweden in the Northern War, Russia received the status of an empire.
Rzeczpospolita is one of the most powerful powers of the Middle Ages and a contender for hegemony in Eastern Europe. From 1558 to 1939 between Russia and Poland
Warsaw lost to Moscow the rivalry for the unification of the Slavic lands and was incorporated into the empire in 1792.
Persia tried to fight Russia for the North and South Caucasus. From 1651 to 1941, the Iranians took part
Since the 19th century, Iran fell into the zone of influence of the Russian Empire, and in 1941 the Soviet Union occupied the north of this country.
One of the rivals of the Moscow kingdom for the unification of Russia. Lithuanians from 1487 to 1569
Lithuania could not fight on equal terms with Moscow and united with Poland into one state — the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1569. From a historical perspective, the Lithuanians lost their rivalry with the Russians and became part of the empire in 1795.
In relation to Japan, it would be more correct to speak of armed conflicts, not wars. Russians and Japanese did not wage bloody wars, as with other peoples.
In total, the Japanese crossed bayonets with the Russians 5 times: during the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905, the Civil War in Russia, the conflict at Lake Khasan in 1939, the conflict at Khalkin Gol in 1939 and in the Second World War.
The Japanese won only once — in 1905. The Soviet Union succeeded in ousting Japan from the continent, depriving it of its empire status and establishing hegemony in most of Southeast Asia.
Russia had 4 armed conflicts with China: the conflict for the Far East in the middle of the 17th century, the suppression of the Boxer Uprising in 1901, the conflict on the Harbin railway and the battle for Damansky Island in 1969.
The history of Russia is the history of victorious wars. Of the 138 campaigns, the country lost only 18. In general, starting from the 15th century, the power