It so happened that in addition to the Crimean peninsula, many of Russia’s territorial acquisitions were outside the attention of most of the media. However, in recent years, the country’s borders have expanded significantly in the Arctic, the Sea of Okhotsk and the Caspian.
The Sea of Okhotsk is a semi-enclosed body of water washing the borders of Russia and Japan. From the point of view of international law, it was divided into internal waters, territorial sea, exclusive economic zone, shelf and open sea.
The open sea is a no-man’s land located in the very center of the reservoir and covering 52 thousand km². Russia laid claim to this territory in 2001, arguing its position by the fact that this enclave is a continuation of the Russian continental shelf.
The application was considered for 13 years and on March 15, 2014, it was finally
Oddly enough, the annexation of the enclave became possible after Japan’s approval. Why Japan so easily yielded to the controversial waters remains a mystery.
According to international law, the Caspian is an inland body of water, which is neither a sea nor a lake. Concepts such as territorial waters, economic zone, etc., do not apply here.
In Soviet times, when Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan were part of the USSR, b
With the collapse of the state, the delimitation of resource-rich waters became the subject of heated disagreements among the former allies. Officially the bottom of the Caspian
As a result of the agreement
Perhaps the most famous acquisition of Russia in 2014, which is still
On the one hand, Crimea fell a heavy burden on the Russian treasury. On the other hand, the country has strengthened its geopolitical positions both in the Black Sea and in the international arena, loudly declaring that Russia has recovered and again claims to be a superpower.
Be that as it may, together with the Crimea, our country has increased by 27 thousand km².
The demarcation of the Russian-Norwegian border in 2010 is a rather controversial agreement. In Soviet times, the USSR considered its waters the entire territory from Franz Josef Land to the shores of Spitsbergen.
The Norwegians did not agree with this, but did not dare to actively argue with Moscow. With the collapse of the state in the Barents Sea
As a result, in 2010, President Medvedev ceded part of the waters to Norway, drawing the border in the middle between the Franz Josef Islands and Svalbard.
It seems that Russia has lost some of its territory. However, this territory has never been Russian.
Since 2014, Russia has unexpectedly received several dozen new islands in the Arctic with a total area of more than 2 thousand km². Such a gift was made by nature itself: the permafrost is receding, the ice melts and opens up new land for researchers.
At the same time, even schoolchildren are discovering new islands. In 2018, teenagers Artyom Makarenko and Valeria Sayenko, analyzing satellite images,