The Russian Empire is one of the largest powers in history, occupying 1/7 of the inhabited land area. Few people know, but the empire had possessions in Central Europe, Southeast Asia, the Mediterranean Sea and even the Pacific Ocean.
The Russian army was stationed there, negotiations were conducted with the local elites, and St. Petersburg considered these lands as their own.
In 1761, with the death of Empress Elizabeth Petrovna, the Romanov dynasty was actually interrupted. The Empress had no children, and therefore the Russian crown passed to Karl Peter Ulrich — the son of Anna Petrovna, the grandson of Peter I and at the same time the heir to the German Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp Duchy.
Having received the Russian crown, Charles adopted the Orthodox faith and a new name — Peter III. Interestingly, his wife Catherine II was also German and inherited the Duchy of Oldenburg. Thus,
However, it turned out to be of no use to anyone. In 1767, Catherine II
The territory that was conquered by Russian troops from Prussia during the Seven Years War. In 1759, the inhabitants of the region
Unfortunately, in 1761, Elizabeth died, and Peter III (Karl Ulrich) was an admirer of King Frederick II of Prussia. In 1762, he was free of charge, despite the protests of those close to him,
In German historiography, this episode was called the «Brandenburg Miracle». Without the return of the territory, Prussia could not have taken shape as a state and not unified Germany.
Officially, an island in the middle of the Mediterranean
In 1798 Malta surrendered without a fight to the Napoleonic army. The local knightly order was disbanded, and its leader Ferdinand von Gompesh was removed.
However, the Maltese were not going to surrender and offered the vacated title to the Russian emperor Paul I. In the same year, Paul headed the orphaned order, and proclaimed the island a Russian province.
It was assumed
In 1800 the British
From 1815 to 1817 Russia
As a sign of good intentions, the leader granted Russia a monopoly on the sandalwood trade and donated 500 soldiers to the diplomat Anton Scheffer who visited the island to build a new trading post.
With the help of the aborigines, Schaeffer actually built several administrative buildings and laid three fortresses. In 1816, he sailed on the Russian-American campaign for financial assistance, and also sent a report on the occasion to St. Petersburg.
Unfortunately, both Alexander I and the leadership of Russian America were skeptical about the new acquisition. In February 1818, Foreign Minister Nesselrode outlined the final decision: «Hawaii will not bring economic benefits, and at the same time spoil relations with the United States and England.»
It is worth noting that the Americans themselves were not afraid to spoil relations. In 1817, the Americans declared to Kaumualii that they were waging a war with the Russians, and fired at one of the fortresses with ship cannons. Having lost three sailors and several Hawaiians, the Russian garrison surrendered the islands to the United States.
Zheltorussia — since 1900, a Russian colony in China, occupied by Russian troops after the suppression of the Boxer Uprising. Empire since 1903
Russia managed to buy out the ice-free sea city of Port Arthur from the Celestial Empire and build a railway throughout Manchuria. However, in 1905, Russian troops were driven out of the area by the Japanese army. There were no more attempts to appropriate the region.