African countries are considered the least wealthy and developed on the planet. But even among them there are “leaders” in terms of poverty. And this despite the presence of huge reserves of minerals!
The authorities could extract and sell these resources to improve the lives of the population. But this simple scheme didn’t work.
State in central South Africa with a population of 16 million. The country has large deposits of natural resources: coal, asbestos, gold, emeralds, copper. In terms of platinum group metals, Zimbabwe ranks 3rd in the world.
At the end of the 20th century, this country was leading in terms of growth in the well-being and education of the population. But the country’s President Robert Mugabe began to take away the property of the white population in favor of the black.
White farmers knew how to work with their hands and brains, providing food for the whole country. The indigenous people who came to replace them had to be trained, and there was no one to do this.
As a result, the Zimbabwean «Robin Hood» provided a catastrophic economic decline and an increase in the national debt.
The country stopped issuing its own currency for a long time, and the American dollar was used in circulation. Mugabe destroyed his country: even after his overthrow, 40% of Zimbabweans live below the poverty line, many are engaged in robbery and robbery.
Tanzania has become one of the few countries where Russians were allowed to fly on vacation after border closures. This country is home to 48 million people. Gold has been mined here since colonial times; there are also deposits of sapphires, diamonds and natural gas.
Despite this, 80% of the local population is employed in agriculture. A quarter of the country’s population
The state is trying to get out of poverty, implementing reforms and attracting foreign investors. But along with this, the national debt of Tanzania
This country has long fought with Ethiopia for its independence.
Today Eritrea is the African counterpart of the DPRK. 1% of the population uses the Internet, the only TV channel belongs to the state, all information is strictly censored. The economy is controlled by the party, and 69% of the population
The country has huge reserves of zinc, copper and gold. They began to be mastered only in the 2010s. This is bearing fruit, due to the export of resources, the GDP is growing by 5% per year. However, all the profit goes to propaganda and external conflicts: in recent years, Eritrea managed to fight with its neighbors 3 times and lost all wars.
Burundi is located in East Africa. In the republic
However, 65% of the population lives below the poverty line.
Due to the violation of hygiene rules, epidemics often occur in the country. In 2019, Bujumbura, the largest city in the country, had
Country in West Africa with a population of 5.3 million. There are deposits of diamonds, bauxite, iron and gold here. However, Sierra Leone is still one of the ten poorest countries in the world. High corruption and constant inter-tribal conflicts negatively affect the life of the population.
Also in Sierra Leone, a civil war raged for a long time, as a result of which 300 thousand people fled from the country. The devastation of these lands made local natural resources useless to anyone.