During the Soviet Union, science and education developed at a rapid pace. Many scientists became famous not only within the country, but also abroad, their names sounded all over the planet.
An outstanding Soviet physicist, one of the creators of the first thermonuclear bomb, and later an opponent of Soviet power. He studied at Moscow State University, and then worked at the Physics Institute. Lebedev. Sakharov was a pioneer in the study of nuclear energy, comprehended its laws and secrets.
In 1953, Sakharov and his colleagues created the first hydrogen bomb in the USSR. Despite this, the scientist was opposed to violence and hostilities, opposed the introduction of Soviet troops into Czechoslovakia and Afghanistan.
Sakharov was published in Soviet and American scientific journals, and spoke at conferences all over the world. In 1975, for his invention, he
During his short life, Sergei Korolev managed to achieve a lot. It was he who brought Soviet cosmonautics to a new level. The scientist created a launch vehicle that launched the first artificial earth satellite into orbit.
Korolev is still honored all over the world. Monuments were erected to him in Russia, Ukraine, Spain and Kazakhstan. An asteroid, craters on the Moon and Mars, a city near Moscow, many squares and streets are named in honor of the scientist.
Soviet physicist, engineer and innovator. Specialist in the field of low temperature physics. In 1934 the scientist
Kapitsa discovered the phenomenon of superfluidity of substances and studied high-power electronics. His fundamental discoveries formed the basis of many theoretical and practical works.
The scientist was known not only in the Soviet Union, but also abroad. He was a member of the USSR Academy of Sciences, the US National Academy of Sciences and the Royal Society of London. Throughout his life, the scientist advocated worldwide cooperation. He wanted Russian and American minds to exchange knowledge.
Igor Vasilievich Kurchatov is a Soviet physicist, the founder of the use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. He
In the 1940s, Kurchatov was able to convince Stalin of the importance of researching atomic physics. Under the guidance of a scientist, the country acquired its nuclear potential.
Two cities in Russia and Kazakhstan, a scientific center, an element of the periodic table, an asteroid and a large number of streets in different cities are named after him.
Nikolai Ivanovich Vavilov was an extraordinary personality and combined several professions at once. Botanist, breeder, geographer, chemist, public figure — that’s all about him.
He made a great contribution not only to Soviet, but also to world biology. Vavilov discovered the properties of plant immunity, created the world’s largest collection of cultivated varieties.
By the end of the 1930s, Vavilov published a large number of books and scientific articles. The scientist was widely appreciated abroad and was elected a member of the academies of sciences of different countries. However, the Soviet government valued the scientist much less. In 1940 he was arrested.
The breeder was accused of espionage and sabotage and was sentenced to death by shooting. The death sentence was later commuted to 20 years in prison. But after 3 years N.I. Vavilov died in his cell from exhaustion.