5 monumental structures of the USSR: what did Soviet engineers build and how did they want to change the country?


The Soviet Union was a land of grandiose ideas and projects, the scale of which drove the politicians of the rest of the world crazy. Reversing rivers, changing the climate, building a city by the sea — all this was possible when it came to Soviet scientists and engineers.

However, many projects were never implemented due to lack of money and the subsequent collapse of the USSR. What legacy have we failed to preserve?

The project was to become its own Soviet Hadron Collider — an experimental particle accelerator that was supposed to help unravel the mysteries of the universe and better understand the fundamental laws of physics. The complex was located in the south of the Moscow region.

It passed at a depth of 60 meters and was about 21 kilometers long. The research center itself was almost completed. However, the project was never completed — in the 80s, construction and research was suspended, and then completely closed.

In 1961, a new program for strengthening the anti-nuclear defense of the USSR was revised and approved. Among other structures, it included a submarine base or a secret facility «825 GTS» located in the Crimea.

The base had only 2 entrances. Only the workers themselves and the government elite should have known them. One was located in the northern part of Mount Tavros, the second was in the mine workings.

The base was, in fact, a city in miniature, and included its own hospital and bakery. If there was a danger of an atomic explosion on its territory, the entire population of the nearby town of Balaklava could take refuge.

In the 90s, the base was closed and actually plundered. Subsequently, the Ukrainian authorities opened it as a museum. And in 2020, already under Russian patronage, the facility was reconstructed and is available for tourists in an updated form.

The place for

At the same time, the Soviet project was notable for its incredible dimensions — the diameter of the parabolic antenna alone was about 25 meters, and its radiation power reached a record 25 MW. Force and antenna fields were erected around.

Unfortunately, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the maintenance and maintenance of expensive equipment turned out to be beyond the capacity of the Ukrainian budget. The project was closed, and the buildings were partially dismantled by the seekers of precious metals.

In 1949, on the site of the future settlement in the Caspian Sea, there was

Thus, a village on stilts with its own roads, clubs, power plants, a hospital and a library has grown on the open sea off the coast of Azerbaijan.

They even wanted to expand the settlement to artificial islands — they brought 500,000 cubic meters of sand and rocks to the coast. However, it soon became clear that the plan was not feasible. In the 80s, oil prices

Since the 2000s, it has become profitable to extract oil again, a new drilling rig was opened in Oil Rocks, oil workers began to come here and work on watch. However, the settlement could not return to its former glory.

Stalin’s ambitious project, which never came to fruition. According to the idea of ​​Soviet scientists and the leader of the peoples, the tunnel was supposed to connect the mainland with Sakhalin and secure the island to the USSR. Tunnel

About 8,000 Gulag prisoners were sent to the construction — they not only laid the railway tracks to the coast, but also began to develop the pit. However, the implementation of the project was interrupted due to the death of Stalin and no longer returned to its continuation.