5 largest branches of Christianity: how are they different from each other?


The list of Christian denominations is so long that sometimes the believers themselves do not remember how they appeared.

The main Christian directions are considered

In total, there are more than 20 thousand different denominations in Christianity. Catholics themselves

The schism in Christianity took shape as a result of the rivalry of the Churches. Constantinople was considered the capital of Christianity, but over time Rome became the second center of influence. By 1054, the patriarchs had quarreled, anathematized each other, and religions began to develop independently.

Catholics claim that the Holy Spirit comes not only from God, but also from Jesus Christ. They believe in the absence of original sin in the Virgin Mary and the existence of purgatory. In the Latin rite, communion of ordinary people occurs only with the Body of Christ, and the clergy — with the Body and Blood. In addition, local priests are celibate.

The Orthodox do not recognize the Pope as the head of the Church. There are some differences in worship and attitudes towards secular power. For a long time, both directions considered each other to be heretics, but since the 20th century, after the loss of their former influence, they have been moving towards reconciliation.

Protestantism originated in Central Europe in the 16th century. The reason for the reformation was the numerous abuses of the Latin Church: trade in indulgences, the desire of priests for wealth, interference in the life of people and state affairs, a contemptuous attitude towards the laity, etc.

Protestantism is not one movement, but a combination of them. This includes Lutheranism, Calvinism, Anglicanism, and others. The leaders of the religious revolution rejected the power of the Pope and proclaimed that a person can communicate with God directly without intermediaries.

By design, each Protestant himself interprets the meaning of the sayings in the Bible and considers Holy Scripture to be the only infallible source of faith. Any significance of church sacraments is denied, the role of priests is minimized. Only faith in God is valued.

Nestorians — followers of the Constantinople Archbishop Nestorius,

The creed became widespread among the Iranian, Turkic, Mongolian and Caucasian peoples. The doctrine is based on the postulate that Jesus Christ is an ordinary person in whom the Personality of God has taken over.

The doctrine was formulated in the 6th century by the Antiochian theologians (Jacob Barradey, Sevir and others). Followers of myafisism believe that Jesus Christ is neither God nor man. He is a God-man, a kind of new nature that has nothing to do with people.

In the past, there have been numerous disputes between representatives of various confessions, even including religious wars. Today these contradictions are a thing of the past due to the diminishing role of religion in society.

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