Israel appeared on the political map of the world only in 1948. Until that moment, the Jews wandered all over the planet and did not have their own state. But apart from the Middle East, Jewish communities made attempts to create their own country in different parts of the world.
Ideas about the need for a «Jewish refuge» began to appear long ago. But one of the first well-grounded projects was announced only in 1825. Then the American lawyer Mordechai Noach proposed to create an autonomous Jewish territory in the United States and call it «Ararat».
In order to implement his project, the lawyer bought out the Grand Island area of 1000 hectares. Advocate
The main ideologist of the creation of the Jewish state is
In 1899, Herzl planned to receive Palestine for these purposes, which at that time was part of the Ottoman Empire. But then it was not possible to come to an agreement with the Turks.
The Uganda Plan nearly split the Zionist society. In 1905, after the death of Theodor Herzl, this idea was abandoned in favor of Palestine.
Some Jewish communities decided not to return to their historical homeland and decided to move to undeveloped regions of America and Africa. The idea was not new: for example, Russian Old Believers
Jews bought land from the government and settled it. The authorities received finances and labor, the migrants received state protection. So activists tried to build a state in Texas and in the western United States. And although in the 1900s Jewish families began to massively move to the New World, by the beginning of the First World War, this idea was forgotten.
During the years of Stalin’s rule, the Jews several times had the hope of creating their own state, or at least autonomy. In May 1934 in the Khabarovsk Territory there was
For 3 years the number of the Jewish diaspora in these places has grown to 20 thousand people. It seemed that the USSR would be able to attract Jews from all over the world. The idea was supported by the Jewish minorities of the United States and other countries, money and food were sent to Soviet residents.
However, in 1948, the UN authorized the creation of a Jewish state in the Middle East. The people preferred to return to their historical homeland, and the project of Soviet Israel failed. Today, less than 1% of Jews live in the Jewish Autonomous Region, and most likely, the region will soon be annexed to the Khabarovsk Territory.
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