4 grandiose megaprojects of the USSR: how the authorities wanted to radically change the country


The Soviet Union is a country of titans. The period when the most ambitious engineering projects were implemented, virgin lands conquered and rivers turned, the face of the planet changed.

Fortunately or unfortunately, many of the ideas of Soviet scientists and politicians have remained only on paper.

The plan was implemented at the initiative of Stalin in 1948 and

Plantations were supposed to block the road to dry southeast winds

As a result, this program provided for a change in the climate of the entire Eurasian steppe — a huge region that could not be settled for thousands of years. The steppe was to become more suitable for agricultural activities.

In total, it was planned to plant more than 4 million hectares of forest (40 thousand km², which is slightly less than the area of ​​Denmark or Switzerland). However, Stalin managed to implement this plan only half. Until 1953, 2.3 million hectares of forest were planted. and more than 4 thousand reservoirs have been created.

The new Secretary General Nikita Sergeevich Khrushchev did not continue Stalin’s endeavors, directing the country’s forces to the construction of mass housing, and curtailed the project.

This is probably one of the most controversial engineering projects in the history of mankind, which was developed by the Soviet leadership in the 1960-1970s.

Purpose of the program

At the same time, a large-scale construction of a network of canals and reservoirs was being prepared, which would open a navigable route from the Kara Sea to the Persian Gulf.

The results of such construction are difficult to imagine. Siberian rivers would not only raise the Central Asian economy, but also open up direct access to the Indian Ocean!

However, it turned out that the turn of the rivers would cause irreparable damage to the environment and radically change the climate of Siberia with all the ensuing consequences for the local flora and fauna. Taking into account such prospects, the program was abandoned.

In addition to the Soviet authorities, scientists also expressed plans for transforming the country. The idea of ​​building a dam across the Pacific Ocean was proposed by the Soviet engineer Pyotr Borisov in the mid-1950s. At the same time, in addition to the USSR, the participation of Canada and the United States was taken into account in the construction of the dam.

Like other undertakings, the project was grandiose. It was necessary to block 86 km of the strait up to 59 meters deep and make the dam resistant to the pressure of pack ice. In addition, Eurasia and America were to be connected by a railway.

The dam was supposed to melt the northern ice and release the permafrost.

True, the climate would have changed in other regions of the planet. Melting permafrost

Another initiative of Stalin, proposed in 1950.

In the middle of the 20th century, the GULAG prisoners were sent to solve the problem. They were supposed to bring a railway to the Tatar Strait, build a 10-kilometer tunnel and build 327 km of a railway on the island itself.

By 1953, 27 thousand workers were brought up to the strait, who carried out all the preparatory work. However, Stalin died unexpectedly, and the construction site was abandoned.

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